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Participants have all the usual rights of an NHS patient if they join the study or not.

The University of Oxford has arrangements in place to provide for harm arising from participation in the study. In the unlikely event of anyone being harmed by taking part, insurance cover is provided by the study sponsor Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH. Any compensation would be paid in accordance with the guidelines of the Association of British Pharmaceutical Industry.

If participants have concerns about any aspect of the study they can speak with the EMPA-KIDNEY team by calling a 24-hour Freefone number: 0808 164 4060 (UK only). If they remain unhappy about the study in other ways and wish to complain formally, they can do this through the NHS Complaints Procedure. They can get details from their local hospital.

Participants can contact the EMPA-KIDNEY team if they have any questions.